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Propagation spores of arbuscular mycorrhiza fungi and rooting colonization characteristic’s on different host plants

Halim 1, *, Makmur Jaya Arma 1, Sarawa 1, Tresjia Corina Rakian 1, Muhammad Tufaila 2, Resman 2, Fransiscus Suramas Rembon 2, Waode Siti Anima Hisein 3, Syair 3, Mariadi 3 and Aminuddin Mane Kandari 4
This research aimed to study the propagation spores of arbuscular mycorrhiza fungi (AMF) on different host plants. This research conducted in completely randomized block design (CRBD) with factorial pattern and each treatment was repeated three times and each consist five pot cultures, the total of treatments are 150 pot culture. The first factor are: kinds of host plant (A) with five levels i.e.: Pueraria javanica (A1), Centrocema pubescens (A2), Sorgum bicolor (A3), Cajanus cajan (A4), Zea mays (A5) and second factor are mycorrhyza fungi (B) which comprises two levels i.e.: Glomus sp (B1), Acaulospora sp (B2. The result of research showed that the highest average of spores number on P. javanica + Glomussp as 38 spores and lowest on C. pubescens+ Glomus sp and Z. mays + Glomus sp respectively as 28 spores. The percentage of roots colonization for Glomus sp on kinds of host plant i.e.: P. javanica as 60.36%, S. bicolor as 47.93%, Z. mays as 35.36%, C. cajan as 21.72%, C. pubescens as 20.55%. The percentage of roots colonization for Acaulospora sp on S. bicolor as 39.83%, C. cajan as 27.98%, C. pubescens as 26.57%, P. javanica as 23.82%, Z. mays as 21.20%. The highest average weight of shoots and roots on treatment of P. javanica (A1) each 0.82 g and 0.91 g. Keywords: Acaulospora sp; Glomus sp; Host plants; Root colonization; Spores abundance

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Diterbitkan pada: GSC Biological and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 2019, 08(01), 078–083 e-ISSN: 2581-3250, CODEN (USA): GBPSC2

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